Bone grafting is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with joints and bones. The treatment is beneficial in fixing damaged bones resulting from trauma or joint problems. It is also used to grow bone around implanted devices such as in total knee replacement and dental implants providing structural stability.
Tooth implant treatments are only successful when a patient has sufficient bone in their jaw to support the implant post. At the start of the era of implant therapy, people without sufficient jawbone were considered unsuitable for dental implants treatment. Now, however, modern dentistry has made massive advances and patients without sufficient jawbone can have bone in the jaw rebuilt through bone grafting.
Dental bone grafting in essence is augmentation of bone in the jaws or around the teeth.
Bone grafting treatment is performed to reverse bone loss. There’ are many factors that result in loss or destruction of the jawbone. These include periodontal disease, trauma or even removable dentures that don’t fit well. Bone grafting is also used to augment the jawbone to allow proper placement of an implant post.
When someone loses a natural tooth, either by surgical extraction or trauma, the surrounding bone structure collapses. To prevent this from happening, bone grafting is done.
Various types of bone graft are available, like:
Autogenous bone grafts are considered as the “gold standard” as they deliver the most predictable outcome of treatment although it is not always possible to source the graft from a patient’s own body. Unlike autogenous grafts, allografts and xenografts, which don’t need a second, site for surgery and can be donated in greater quantity.